Direct radiometric dating of hydrocarbon deposits using rhenium-osmium isotopes

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. A Nature Research Journal. Understanding the distribution of parent Re and radiogenic daughter Os isotopes in molybdenite is critical in interpreting isotopic measurements because it can compromise the accurate determination and interpretation of mineralization ages. In order to resolve the controls on the distribution of these elements, chemical and isotope mapping of MoS 2 grains from representative porphyry copper-molybdenum deposits were performed using electron microprobe and nano-scale secondary ion mass spectrometry. Our results show a heterogeneous distribution of , Re and Os isotopes in MoS 2 , and that both Re and Os isotopes are not decoupled as previously thought.

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Rhenium—osmium dating is a form of radiometric dating based on the beta decay of the isotope Re to. Studies of rhenium Re and osmium Os concentrations and isotopic compositions in seafloor hydrothermal sulfides are an important tool for. Rhenium-osmium isotopes and highly siderophile elements in ultramafic rocks from the Eoarchean Saglek Block, northern Labrador, Canada:.

The rhenium—osmium Re—Os isotope system occupies a unique position amongst commonly used radiogenic parent—daughter isotope pairs. Rhenium and osmium concentrations and Os isotopic compositions of eight carbonaceous chondrites, one LL3 ordinary chondrite, and two iron meteorites were. Rhenium-Osmium isotope systematics and platinum group element concentrations: Loess and the upper continental crust.

Emplacement of the Muskox intrusion occurred early in the Mackenzie event and has been precisely dated using baddeleyite–zircon U–Pb dating.

They formed 3. Other ancient continents, such as in southern Africa or Siberia, have long been known to have diamonds almost as old, but none that have been so precisely dated. This conclusion documents one of the oldest known examples of modern plate tectonics. The findings are published in the September issue of Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. They act as tiny time capsules. Many diamonds encase tiny mineral grains—what jewelers call impurities but geoscientists call inclusions—that can tell us how old the diamond is and what geologic processes occurred in the deep Earth billions of years ago.

Fundamental study on rhenium – osmium dating for mudstones

A newly acquired mass spectrometer MI by the Mass Spectrometry Laboratory will be adapted to determine rhenium and osmium isotope concentrations using negative thermal ionization mass spectrometry NTIMS. We describe the principle of the Re-Os dating technique and the thermal ionization phenomena which lead to high precision isotope analysis on NTIMS. Bahcall JN, Theory of Bound-State Beta Decay. Physical Review

For the first time, scientists have dated diamonds from the recently Sulfide grains like these are removed for rhenium-osmium isotopic.

Rhenium—osmium dating , method of determining the age of the important ore mineral molybdenite; the method is based upon the radioactive decay of rhenium to osmium The rhenium—osmium ratio in most minerals is too low to be of general use as a dating technique, but molybdenite molybdenum disulfide, MoS 2 has a very high ratio of rhenium to osmium; and workers have found that the osmium in molybdenite is practically pure radiogenic osmium Ores as old as 3,,, years and as young as 38,, years have been dated this way.

Rhenium—osmium dating. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History. Read More on This Topic.

The decay scheme in which rhenium is transformed to osmium shows promise as a means of studying mantle—crust evolution and the evolution Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The decay scheme in which rhenium is transformed to osmium shows promise as a means of studying mantle—crust evolution and the evolution of ore deposits. Osmium is strongly concentrated in the mantle and extremely depleted in the crust, so that crustal osmium must….

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Answer to 5. You want to date a rock using rhenium-osmium dating. Rhenium-​ decays to osmium with a half-life of Gy. Os.

This report presents the results of rhenium-osmium Re-Os isotope analysis performed on 11 organic-rich and radiogenic shale samples from the following Devonian and Jurassic formations in central and northern Alberta:. Current detailed stratigraphic work at the AGS includes an effort to resolve uncertainties regarding the age and stratigraphic position of a number of stratigraphic units, based on precise isotope dating.

Recent advances in dating organic-rich shales using the Re-Os isotope system have allowed us to date important hydrocarbon source rocks in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. A, Toma, J. Alberta Geological Survey. Author s Pana, D. Creaser, R. Toma, J. Playter, T. Corlett, H. Hauck, T. Peterson, J. Grobe, M. Poulton, T.

Dissecting the Re-Os molybdenite geochronometer

Return Pre Home. The Re-Os isotope system, based on its unusual qualities, has been widely used on the dating and tracing in the geoscience and geochemistry. As a reflection of the international development of the Re-Os isotope geochemistry, Chinese geoscientists have also done a large quantity of work in this research field. In this paper we mainly describe the development of Re-Os isotope geochemistry in China based on the Chinese publications issued at home.

They presented their technique of Re-Os isotope geochronology of molybdenite as follows: Samples were dissolved and equilibrated with Re- and Os-enriched spikes by alkaline fusion.

The versatility of the rhenium-osmium (Re-Os) isotopic system makes it a dating of multiple volcanic ash layers that bracket the K-Pg boundary (Bowring et al.

Official websites use. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Re—Os geochronology of the lacustrine Green River Formation: Insights into direct depositional dating of lacustrine successions, Re—Os systematics and paleocontinental weathering Earth and Planetary Science Letters. By: Vivien M. Lacustrine sedimentary successions provide exceptionally high-resolution records of continental geological processes, responding to tectonic, climatic and magmatic influences.

These successions are therefore essential for correlating geological and climatic phenomena across continents and furthermore the globe. Producing accurate geochronological frameworks within lacustrine strata is challenging because the stratigraphy is often bereft of biostratigraphy and directly dateable tuff horizons. The rhenium—osmium Re—Os geochronometer is a well-established tool for determining precise and accurate depositional ages of marine organic-rich rocks.

Lake systems with stratified water columns are predisposed to the preservation of organic-rich rocks and thus should permit direct Re—Os geochronology of lacustrine strata. We present Re—Os systematics from one of the world’s best documented lacustrine systems, the Eocene Green River Formation, providing accurate Re—Os depositional dates that are supported by Ar—Ar and U—Pb ages of intercalated tuff horizons.

Controls on uptake and fractionation of Re and Os are considered to relate mainly to depositional setting and the type of organic matter deposited, with the need to further understand the chelating precursors of Re and Os in organic matter highlighted. Such insights enable us to evaluate fluctuations in continental climatic, tectonic and magmatic processes and provide the ability for chemostratigraphic correlation combined with direct depositional dates.

Re—Os geochronology of the lacustrine Green River Formation: Insights into direct depositional dating of lacustrine successions, Re—Os systematics and paleocontinental weathering.

Canadian diamonds found to be oldest on Earth

James M. Day, D. Graham Pearson, Larry J. We present new Re—Os isotope data for the intrusion, together with PGE and trace element abundances, and oxygen and Sm—Nd isotope data on samples that include local crustal materials, layered series peridotites, stratiform chromitites, marginal and roof zone rocks, and the Muskox Keel feeder dyke. HSE and fluid-immobile trace element abundance variations are consistent with relative compatibilities expected for cumulate rocks.

The most radiogenic Os and unradiogenic Nd isotope compositions occur in the Muskox marginal and roof zones.

Rhenium-osmium geochronology in dating petroleum systems: progress and Challenges in Rhenium-Osmium (Re-Os) Isotope Dating of Hydrocarbons in.

Over the years, Chemostrat has expanded the services on offer to now include more advanced isotopic techniques that so far have been used only in academia. The information presented below briefly outlines how Chemostrat is utilising two of these techniques, i. Re and Os become concentrated in the organic, hydrogenous fraction of organic rich shales, thus the time when the shale was deposited can be dated. Furthermore, as Re and Os have been inherited from the source rocks, Os isotopes can be employed to correlate an oil with its source.

Despite this application mainly being associated with the economic extraction of minerals, it can be employed by the oil and gas industry to date the formation of disseminated sulphide minerals within basement rocks and so the basement itself. Moreover, when these minerals are found in fractures it can be used to provide a minimum date for when the fracture network was open.

Re-Os Radiogenic Isotope Dating Methods and Applications Over the years, Chemostrat has expanded the services on offer to now include more advanced isotopic techniques that so far have been used only in academia.